Keep the JNF out of COP 26 – Background information
KKL-JNF: An architect of Palestinians’ Nakba
From its creation in 1901, the Zionist Movement encouraged the JNF to acquire lands in Palestine to settle and colonise the acquired lands. This was fulfilled by purchasing vast swathes of lands from large landowners who were living abroad and dispossessing Palestinian peasant farmers in the process. It has also facilitated the planned, deliberate, forcible and violent dispossession of over 750,000 Palestinians from their homeland during Israel’s creation (1947-1948).
After the creation of Israel in 1948, aided by Israel Land Law, the JNF continued to acquire more lands belonging to Palestinians. The JNF leased the seized lands exclusively to Jewish settlers after destroying and ethnically cleansing over 500 Palestinian towns and villages and was accompanied by the destruction of indigenous trees both planted (like olives, figs, almonds, cactus) and wild (like hawthorn, oak, carob, Pistacia, Sumac).
The JNF is key actor in the establishment and perpetuation of Israel’s institutionalised system of racial discrimination and oppression over Palestinians, constitutive of the crime of apartheid. Ninety three percent of the land that came under Israeli control in 1948 is owned by the Israel Land Authority, which comprises the JNF, the Development Agency and the state.
Given that the JNF regards itself as ‘trustee and custodian’ of land on behalf of the Jewish people, its properties are only accessible to Jews. The JNF bars Palestinians, even if they are refugees and the rightful original owners of the land, from access to land it controls. Palestinians’ right of return to their homes and lands was recognised by the UN General Assembly in Resolution 194 in 1948.
Revealed archival documents show that one of the methods Israel used to prevent Palestinian refugees from returning to their homes was to ensure the JNF would densely plant trees within and surrounding the ethnically cleansed and ruined Palestinian villages. This made it impossible to rebuild or farm the villages.
KKL-JNF forests and parks are a way to erase memory, history and natural identity in Palestine and falsify Palestinians’ natural heritage.
KKL-JNF: Perpetuating Palestinians’ Nakba
Palestinians still endure an ongoing Nakba (catastrophe in Arabic) which peaked in the hostilities of 1948, due to the continuing policies of ethnic cleansing and apartheid of the JNF. Criticising the JNF’s current practices, the United Nations Committee on the Elimination of Racial Discrimination (CERD) asserted in December 2019 that the JNF and other para-statal companies in Israel carry out material discrimination against non-Jewish persons.
The JNF is directly involved in the ongoing de facto annexation and looming de jure annexation of about 33% of the West Bank, including the illegal settlements Israel has started erecting since 1967.
- On August 2019, the Israeli authorities demolished the property of the Qaisieh family in al-Makhrour, Bethlehem after the family lost a long battle in court that started in 2005. Himnuta, a subsidiary of the JNF, claimed ownership of the land where the Qaisieh family lives. A few days after the demolition, a settler outpost was established next to the site where the buildings of the Qaisieh family were bulldozed.
- Himnuta, claims ownership of a further 525 dunums of land which the Israeli government confiscated from Palestinians living in Nahalin village, Bethlehem. This land is intended to serve the expansion of the illegal settlement of Gush Etzion.
- The JNF has been pursuing legal measures to evict the Sumarin family as well as other Palestinians from their homes in occupied East Jerusalem to make way for Jewish settlers to settle in the city.
Tens of thousands of Palestinian survivors of earlier dispossession and displacement inhabiting five Bedouin communities in the Negev (Naqab) also face impending forcible dispossession. On the ruins of their homes, the JNF will be planting trees, its longstanding instrument of apartheid and ethnic cleansing.
The JNF is also providing academic training for school students in collaboration with military cyber Unit 8200 and the Intelligence Department of the Israel Defense Forces General Staff, which oversees Unit 8200. This unit is responsible for surveillance on and persecution of Palestinians in the West Bank, is involved in the blockade of the Gaza strip, and is also responsible for selecting Palestinian targets for assassination.
KKL-JNF: False environmentalism
While claiming on its official website (kkl-jnf.org) that it “is Israel’s largest green organization and the oldest green organization in the world,” the JNF’s forestry operations amount to a shrubland ecosystem which has caused environmental destruction.
The JNF has a long history of planting trees to mark boundaries against Palestinian communities, to absorb Jewish settler labour and to prevent exiled Palestinians from returning. It drained the Hula wetlands with disastrous ecological consequences. It has facilitated the diversion of water courses Critics of the afforestation project of the Negev (Naqab) argue that “the dark canopies of trees it has planted in arid regions such as the Negev, in Israel’s south, absorb heat unlike the unforested, light-coloured soil. Short of water, the slow-growing trees capture little carbon.” The afforestation of the Negev has also threatened the existence of native species of brush and animals.
The JNF is also complicit in Israel’s water apartheid.
The JNF is “part of Israel’s official delegation to COP every year, as part of its mission to exchange knowledge and expertise with other countries.” The JNF held fringe events at the COPs in Paris in 2015 and Bonn in 2017 and used the conferences to greenwash its racist objectives and encourage collaboration with unsuspecting international partners. The UN and member states should not tolerate this abuse of privileges, and should withdraw the observer status granted to the JNF for the Conferences of Parties to the Framework Convention on Climate Change. COP26 will be hosted by the UK and held in Glasgow in November 2021. JNF Scotland (aka KKL (Scotland)) has its headquarters in Glasgow, and both JNF UK and KKL (Scotland) enjoy charitable status. This is the time to say Keep the JNF out of COP 26.